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Why Ethiopia is called African Icon? The most unknown power full country, facts about Ethiopia

  1. Ethiopia is one of the oldest nations in the world. The name “Ethiopia” come from the Greek word aitho and ops, which together mean “burnt face”. This was how ancient Greeks referred to the dark skinned people of Eastern Africa.founded in 980 B.C.
  2. Ethiopia Have one of the lowest life expectancies in the world estimate that women can expect to live about 50 years and men 48 years.
  3. The Ethiopian Calendar has 13 months. The 13th month has 5 days or six in a leap year. 7 or 8 years behind the western calendar.

[http://mtesfaye.net/date.html] ከፈረንጆች ወደ አማርኛ ቀን ለመቀየር ሊንኩን ይጫኑ click the link to convert Gorgerin calendar to Ethiopian.

  1. The only physical feature of Africa that visible from space, the Great Rift Valley cuts through Ethiopia from northeast to south of the country.

  1. The First black African to win the gold medal in Olympic marathon with barefooted and setting a world record. In 1960, 28 year-old Abebe Bikila amazed the world when, unknown and unheralded, he won the Olympic marathon. He attracted the world’s attention not only by being the first East African to win a medal, but also because he ran the event barefoot. Four years later, in Tokyo, he won again – this time with shoes.
  2. The only Country in Africa that was never colonized; however Ethiopia defeats the Italians twice to remain. Ethiopia was temporarily occupied by Italy during WWII, and the Italians tried twice to colonize it, but were unsuccessful.
  3. Ethiopia is the birthplace of pan -African (a united Africa), hailed by emperor Haile Slassie I it leads to the African Union.
  4. Blue Nile: Ethiopia is the home to the source of Blue Nile. Which together with the white Nile makes up the NileRiver, the longest river in the world.
  5. Traditionally Ethiopian parents and children do not share a last name. Children take their fathers first name as their last name.
  6. Addis Ababa that means Fresh Flower is the Capital city of Ethiopia and Africa. The head quarter office of African Union. The 4th highest capital city in the world. 
  7. Ethiopia is the only country in Africa with its own indigenous written alphabet and numbers.
  8. Ethiopia is the 5th largest producer of coffee in the Globe, and Top of Africa. There is a ritualized and ceremonies way to make and drink coffee in Ethiopia. 
  9. Ethiopia is the first country to accept Islam as a religion, it sheltered the Prophet Muhammad, his families and followers when they were being persecuted and killed by pagan Arabians. Now 35% of Ethiopians are Muslim.
  10. The Roof of Africa: more than 70% of Africa’s mountains are founded in Ethiopia.                                                              walya ( antelope the only spice in Rassdashin mountain, Ethiopia.
  11. Black Jews home of Israel: Ethiopia is home of the black Jews known as Falashas or Beta Israel. Various legends claim they are a lost tribe of Israel or descendants of king Solomon. in 1984 & 1991 there   was two Israel’s operation .                   SOLOMON & MOSES OPERATION RESCUE ETHIO JEWS.                                                                    operation Solomon and operation Moses was the highest rescue of Ethiopian Jews mission because of the countries civil war.                               
  12. Lucy: a human fossil believed to have existed over 3 million years ago, was founded in the Great Rift Valley in Ethiopia in 1974.                                                                        She was named after the Beatles’ song Lucy in the sky with Diamonds, which was playing on the radio at the time she was found. Lucy the earliest known ancestors using tools of modern humans. President Obama touches the fossilized vertebra of Lucy, an early human ancestor in Ethiopia. he called her “ our mother.”
  13. Ethiopia is the first African nation to join the united nation (league of Nation).The Ethiopian Empire (Amharic: የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ, Mängəstä Ityop’p’ya?), also known as Abyssinia (derived from the Arabic al-Habash),[9] was a kingdom that spanned a geographical area covered by the northern half of the current state of Ethiopia. It existed from approximately 1137 (beginning of Zagwe dynasty) until 1974, when the Solomonic dynasty was overthrown in a coup d’état.                                                         Ethiopian warrior on the battle of Adwa.                          the British occupation of Egypt in 1882, Ethiopia and Liberia were the only two African nations to remain independent during the scramble for Africa by the European imperial powers in the late 19th century. The country (Ethiopia) was one of the founding members of the United Nations in 1945.
  14. Ethiopia first country in Africa second in the World to own and operate a Boeing 787 Dreamliner. The aircraft named “Africa One” and assigned the tail                             .  The only African First Boeing 787 Dreamliner Ethiopia.
  15. Ethiopia is the originator of Teji that means, “Honey wine.” The world knows as mead.
  16. Ethiopian Orthodox Church is one of the oldest of Christianity, it came to Ethiopia from Egypt, where Egyptians belong to the Coptic Church around A.D 330, Frumentius, and the Apostle of Ethiopia converted the Axumite King Ezana, Who made Christianity the empire’s official religion.                    The man behind the first church in Ethiopia is king Ezana built in the 4th Still be seen next door to St. Mary of Zion church in Aksum.                              Lalebela Ethiopia historical church                                                       Ethiopia is mentioned 40 times in the Bible. Now 40% of Ethiopian practice Christianity.       Gondar Fasiledes pool, the historical Fasil castl
  17. When Ethiopian greats each other they shake hands and gently knock their shoulders together, kiss each other their chics.                                                                            
  18. Stick fighting is one of the most popular sports among the Surma people of southwest Ethiopia. Test men’s strength, coordination and competitive zeal, but it also serves as a forum through which winners can meet potential wives. The stick-fighting season lasts three months and pits men from different villages each other.
    Surma tribesmen battle in “the Donga,” a traditional stick fighting event.

                         Either side of the long summer rains, communities across the Omo Valley in south-western Ethiopia will gather for the event.They gather 7-10 bulls at sunset, line them up in a row and the ‘bull jumper’ is to run across their backs 4 times.                                                 If he falls through the row of bulls he is to start again until he completes the running 4 times without falling. The significance of the 4 times represents the number of teats on a cow.

  19. Buhe (Ge’ez: ቡሄ) is a holiday in Ethiopia held on August 19 in Gregorian Calendar; Nahase 13 Ethiopian calendar). On this date, the church celebrates the Transfiguration of Jesus on Mount Tabor (Debre Tabor Ge’ez: ደብረ ታቦር).                                               Buhe is the Ethiopian version of Halloween. On that house group of boys and girls go house to house singing Buhe songs until they are given handful of bread, or money when they performing.    
  20. Meskel celebrates Meskel, one of the major Ethiopian festivals is celebrated for two days beginning September 26th. Legend has it that in the year 326, Queen Helena (Empress Helen) the Mother of Constantine the Great, discovered the cross upon which Christ was crucified.                                                                                        Unable to find the Holy Sepulchre, she prayed for help and was directed by the smoke from a burning fire as to where the cross was buried. After unearthing the Holy Cross, Queen Helena lit torches heralding her success.  In the Middle Ages, the Patriarch of Alexandria gave the Ethiopian Emperor Dawit half of the True Cross in return for protection afforded to the Coptic Christians. A fragment of the True Cross is reputedly held at the Gishen Mariam, about 70 kilometers northwest of Dessie. Ethiopia have been celebrating this day for millennium.                   Gishen-Mariam-Monastery.                                                  There are two occasions on Meskel. The first is Demera (September 26), in which bonfires are built topped by a cross to which flowers are tied.            The Patriarch of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church orchestrates the lightening ceremony. After the bonfires are blessed they are lit and dancing and singing begins around them. in full ceremonial dress sing around the bonfire. While the Demera is set on fire there is an inner feeling of brightness for all those who are around it. Little Demera are also built at individual houses or villages. After some time, splinters from the bundles of burning wood collapse. Which direction they fall is very significant:    North, South, East or West Interpretations are soon conjectured as to whether the fields of grain are going to be plentiful or not, or there is peace all year round, etc.  At the closing of the Demera, a rain shower is expected to fall to help put the fire out. If the rain falls and the fire is extinguished, there is a belief that the year will be prosperous.

The day after the Demera is Meskel. This day is observed with plenty of food and drink as believers go to the spot of the Demera and, using ashes from the fire, mark their heads with the sign of the cross. The festival coincides with the mass blooming of the golden yellow Meskel daisies. The best place to see the Meskel Festival is in the capital Addis Ababa at the famous Meskel Square. But all along the Historic route (Bahir Dar, Gonder, Axum, and Lalibela) and in other major towns, Meskel is colorfully celebrated.